The endocrine system is responsible for the control and coordination of basic life processes in the organism through hormones produced by the endocrine glands – thyroid gland and parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pituitary gland, pineal gland, testis, ovary. Through blood the hormones interact and regulate the reproductive and nervous systems, the intestines, liver, pancreas and kidneys..
The term “Hormonal imbalance” describes the deviations in the hormone production with respect to the standards. Such changes cause a number of diseases related to disorders in the processes of growth, development, reproduction, maintenance of energy levels and internal balance in the human body systems.
The endocrine system diseases, eating disorders and metabolic disorders are frequently available and affect both men and women of all ages.
This is the most spread endocrine disease worldwide. The diabetes is chronic metabolic disease for which the blood sugar level in the organism is increased due to the insufficient insulin production or to the weaken reaction of cells to it. This is related to the accumulation of high levels of glucose in blood and it may cause complications in many body functions.
These are one of the most prevalent diseases of endocrine system that may develop irrespective of age and basically affect women. Main causes for their appearance are autoimmune processes, shortage of iodine, genetic susceptibility, infection and carcinogenic factors. The most spread disorders are: Graves' disease, Hashimoto disease, thyroid hypofunction (with or without goitre), diffuse sporadic goitre, nodular goitre de Quervain's thyroiditis.
·Disorders of metabolism
Disorders in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, as well as their ingredients; metabolic syndrome, and in combination with obesity increase the risk of diabetes development and appearance of cardiovascular diseases.
·Obesity and other disorders due to overeating
Disease states that are featured by increased accumulation of fat tissue in the body.
Continuous ingestion of food that contains lower quantity of proteins, fats and carbohydrates required for body function.
·Other disorders of glucose regulation and the pancreas hormone production
These include hypoglycaemia (decreased glucose levels) and hyperinsulinism (too high levels of insulin in blood), number of inborn/hereditary diseases
·Disorders of other endocrine glands (parathyroid glands– autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, adrenal glands, хpituitary gland and hypothalamus,genital glands).